Section 509 of the House amendment represents a substantial revision of provisions contained in H.R. 8200
as passed by the House and in the Senate amendment. Section
states a general rule that a surety or co-debtor is subrogated to the rights of a creditor assured by the surety or co-debtor to the extent the surety or co-debtor pays such creditor. Section
states a general exception indicating that subrogation is not granted to the extent that a claim of a surety or co-debtor for reimbursement or contribution is allowed under section
or disallowed other than under section
. Additionally, section
provides that such claims for subrogation are subordinated to the extent that a claim of the surety or co-debtor for reimbursement or contribution is subordinated under section
reiterates the well-known rule that prevents a debtor that is ultimately liable on the debt from recovering from a surety or a co-debtor. Although the language in section
focuses in terms of receipt of consideration, legislative history appearing elsewhere indicates that an agreement to share liabilities should prevail over an agreement to share profits throughout title 11. This is particularly important in the context of co-debtors who are partners. Section
subordinates the claim of a surety or co-debtor to the claim of an assured creditor until the creditor’s claim is paid in full.
senate report no. 95–989
deals with codebtors generally, and is in addition to the disallowance provision in section
. This section is based on the notion that the only rights available to a surety, guarantor, or comaker are contribution, reimbursement, and subrogation. The right that applies in a particular situation will depend on the agreement between the debtor and the codebtor, and on whether and how payment was made by the codebtor to the creditor. The claim of a surety or codebtor for contribution or reimbursement is discharged even if the claim is never filed, as is any claim for subrogation even if the surety or codebtor chooses to file a claim for contribution or reimbursement instead.
Subsection (a) subrogates the codebtor (whether as a codebtor, surety, or guarantor) to the rights of the creditor, to the extent of any payment made by the codebtor to the creditor. Whether the creditor’s claim was filed under section
is irrelevant. The right of subrogation will exist even if the primary creditor’s claim is allowed by virtue of being listed under proposed 11
, and not by reason of a proof of claim.
Subsection (b) permits a subrogated codebtor to receive payments in the bankruptcy case only if the creditor has been paid in full, either through payments under the bankruptcy code or otherwise.
1984—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 98–353
, § 450(a), substituted “subsection (b) or” for “subsections (b) and”, and inserted “against the debtor” after “a creditor”.
Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 98–353
, § 450(b), substituted “of such” for “of a” after “account”.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 98–353
, § 450(c), substituted “this section” for “section
of this title”.
Amendment by Pub. L. 98–353
effective with respect to cases filed 90 days after July 10, 1984, see section 552(a) ofPub. L. 98–353
, set out as a note under section
of this title.